A frequently asked question is: What compression to ventilation ratio should be used for newborn infants?

The answer depends on the number of rescuers available and their level of training.

For all lay rescuers, a compression to ventilation ratio of 30:2 should be used, as for any resuscitation.

When more than one healthcare professional is available, a compression to ventilation ratio of 3:1 should be used for newborn infants.

Newborns are defined in the ARC guidelines as infants at birth or in the first hours of life. (Ref Guidelines 12.1 & 13.1)

Given the shortage of evidence for compression to ventilation ratios at any age, it is more important that resuscitation teams perform continuous effective CPR according to their usual training, than spending time negotiating what ratio should be used.

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Category: Guidelines

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